Grafting in perennial crops similar to fruits and flowers is a well known and has been widely used expertise since a long time in the past in India. However, ‘vegetable grafting’ is a relatively current development made in India. It’s a unique method for mitigating the manufacturing problems imposed by abiotic and biotic stresses in vegetable production and might be referred as uniting of two residing plant parts in order that they develop as a single plant. The first attempt in vegetable grafting was performed by grafting watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) onto pumpkin ( Cucurbita moschata) rootstock in Japan and Korea in the late 1920s (Lee, 1994). Since then, this horticultural technology is being practiced extensively in solanaceous and cucurbitaceous vegetable crops. The northeastern hill area of India is characterized by difficult terrain and agriculture in this particular area is exposed to abiotic stresses reminiscent of excessive rainfall, acidic soil, toxicity of Al, Fe and Mn, deficiency of micro-nutrients resembling Zn, B, Mo and so on. On this scenario grafting method could possibly be proposed as a way to reinforce vegetable productiveness in the region by means of increased tolerance to abiotic stresses.