The sunflower seed is the seed of the sunflower (Helianthus annuus). There are three varieties of commonly used sunflower seeds: linoleic (commonest), high oleic, and sunflower oil seeds. Each variety has its own distinctive ranges of monounsaturated, saturated, and polyunsaturated fats. The information in this article refers primarily to the linoleic variety. For industrial functions, sunflower seeds are normally categorised by the sample on their husks. If the husk is strong black, the seeds are referred to as black oil sunflower seeds. The crops could also be known as oilseed sunflower crops. These seeds are normally pressed to extract their oil. Striped sunflower seeds are primarily eaten as a snack meals; because of this, they may be called confectionery sunflower seeds. The term sunflower seed” is actually a misnomer when applied to the seed in its pericarp (hull). Botanically talking, it is a cypsela. When dehulled, the edible remainder is called the sunflower kernel or coronary heart. In 2020, world production of sunflower seeds was 50 million tonnes, led by Russia and Ukraine with 53% of the world complete combined (desk).

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